Gardening Tip of the Week
Harvesting and Curing Garlic
July 2, 2019
If you planted garlic last fall right about now is when it should be time to harvest. There may be a difference of a few weeks based on what variety of garlic you planted.
When figuring if it is time to harvest garlic take a look at the leaves. There isn’t a perfect measurement to tell when garlic is finished, but usually, when about half the leaves on your garlic plants are brown and dried out they are close to being ready. If they are at the stage you should stop watering them for about a week before harvesting. This will dry out the garlic and let them store longer. After that week pull all of the garlic, it should be as simple as pulling the plants out of the ground, but if not then use a trowel or something to loosen the soil around the plant, making sure not to nick any of the garlic bulbs. After they are all out brush off the excess dirt but do not wash the garlic after you harvest it. Any extra moisture in the bulb will cause the garlic to rot.
What garlic looks like after being cured for about 1 month
Onions: Good For More than Just Eating
March 26, 2019
There is a lot of questionable information and old wives tales circulating about companion planting. Some pairings work well in very specific circumstances and not in others and sometimes the science behind successful pairing is not well-documented. However, one of the tried-and-true is planting onions among or around your other crops to deter pests – insects and rabbits. The strong scent of onions can drive off some pests and it will disguise the scent of other crops.
Even if you are not terribly interested in onions as a crop themselves, they are easy to grow interspersed with other crops. And they store well once harvested.
There are a couple of ways to grow onions – they can be started from seed indoors in late winter or direct sown outdoors in early spring. You can sometimes find seedlings to plant as well.
However, the easiest and most common is onion sets, which are young onion bulbs grown from thickly sown seeds (the plants were not given enough room to grow full-size onions). These can be re-planted and with adequate space, they will grow into full-size onions. Plant the sets with the point is just below the top of the soil and space them about 4-6 inches apart (or vary depending on what you are planting next to). Like most root crops, onions like a soil that is consistently moist.
Time to Start Peppers and Eggplant
February 27, 2019
It is time to sow hot and sweet peppers and eggplant seeds indoors. Both of these plants are slow growers that like heat and do not tolerate cold temperatures. Starting them indoors now means the plants will be a nice size for transplanting when nighttime temperatures are consistently above 55ºF (usually beginning of May)
Both Eggplants and Peppers are thirsty plants but do not like to be waterlogged, so we recommend using trays or pots with drainage holes and a separate water tray. Before planting, be sure to wash trays with hot water and soap, sanitize with a 9 parts water, 1 part bleach solution to prevent last year’s pests from causing disease this spring. Fill with a seed starter mix or use peat pellets. It is important to have a
Eggplants and Peppers also like warm soil, so set your tray on a propagating mat or on top of the refrigerator to encourage germination. Once sprouted, give the peppers plenty of light (cool fluorescent lamps as close to the tray without touching the plant).
When transplanting them outside both eggplants and peppers need full sun and about 18″ of space per plant. Avoid planting peppers and eggplants in places where tomatoes grew last year as the three are susceptible to the same diseases
February 13, 2019
We are getting close to Spring so this is the time to check the conditions of your tools. Make sure they are clean, sharp, and in good working order.
While tools should be cleaned after every use and particularly before winter storage, sometimes one gets missed. Start with clean tools. If any tools are cracked or broken, asses whether they can be fixed or need to be replaced. If there is any rust on functional tools,
If your tools need sharpening, brace the tool and use a simple mill file. Draw it at an angle across the edge you want to sharpen in one direction, in one smooth stroke along the length of the edge, maintaining the angle of the factory bevel (cutting edge) until you’ve achieved the desired sharpness.
With cleaned and rust-free (or as close as you can get) tools, wrap up the chore by oiling the exposed metal with boiled linseed oil
February 6, 2019
You can get a jumpstart on spring planting by putting up a low tunnel or cold frame
Low tunnels are simple to construct and many different ways to do them. The way we normally do them is using PVC pipe. To build them – Attach pipe straps – found in the plumbing section of the hardware store – to the outside of your bed. Bend small diameter PVC pipe (keep it warm until you are ready to bend it in place – cold PVC will snap!) and slide them into the pipe straps. Then cover with clear plastic sheeting. The heavier the plastic the better, it will stand up to UV light and protect from cold temperatures. However, heavier plastic also lets less light in, which leads to slower growth. Greenhouse film is
A cold frame can be constructed out of scrap lumber and an old window (avoid using windows with frames with lead paint). Construct a box from the lumber and add the window to the top with hinges so you can vent the cold frame on bright, sunny days. Ideally, the window slopes and you position the frame so the slope is south-facing in order to get the most sun exposure.
Even more simply, a cold frame from an old window and straw bales. Arrange the bale so the window rests on top. When the weather warms, remove the window and use the straw bales to mulch the garden.
Do remember that on bright, sunny days, even quite cold ones, temperatures inside cold frames and low tunnels can climb high enough to stress plants. They need to be vented during the day and sealed up as night approaches and temperatures drop.